This page is a running collection of my own ramblings about bullet timeslice (bullet time) filming techniques. Read from top to bottom as I add chronological updates below from time to time.
Timeslice (aka “bullet time“) is a technique pioneered by Tim Macmillan and later made famous by movies like the Matrix. Ever since consumer digital cameras have dropped in price I have become interested in attempting this technique. Consistent alignment and spacing of the cameras is key. Below is a test using 5 GoPro cameras. I am syncing these all up manually in post with a film slate. My recent discovery of PluralEyes will help speed up this initial post process.
I am shooting all of these on GoPro Heros at 720 60fps and using twixtor for super slow motion effect. Christopher Kaczmarzyk, a member of my GoPro NYC meetup group, machined some prototype mounts for me to thread 1/4″ – 20 bolts to help mount the cameras consistently. The goal of this project is to produce the best quality timeslice footage on a super portable rig with very little money.
Jeff Campbell at Ambarella (the company responsible for the imaging chip inside GoPro cameras) has been nice enough to send me a few cameras for my experiments. Ideally you will want to use the same cameras for something like this. In addition to the Hero2’s improved image quality, its white balance and exposure will differ and will not match the other models. I would prefer all Hero2’s but I suppose that will have to wait 😉
This is my first test. I mounted 4 GoPro cameras to the hood of a car.
This next test spaces the cameras roughly 6″ apart (no audio).
(Don’t worry, no animals were harmed during this shoot)
These tests space the cameras roughly 12″ apart. The difference is obvious.
Here are 5 GoPro Hero Hd Cameras mounted to a custom cut piece of particle board. The cameras are hooked up to a 4.5″ LCD screen for monitoring. GoPro LCD bac pacs would drain too much battery, increase the cost and most importantly not be as advantageous as seeing all of the shots in succession on one screen.
Using analog Sony A/V switches to route all cameras to a single monitor I am able to turn the knobs to flip through the cameras on the monitor. Essentially getting a real time read of the effect. It’s not smooth or perfect but it’s good enough for now. The HERO2 has an HDMI out so I suspect that a digital solution can be very smooth.
All cameras can be monitored, tested and eyeballed with this LCD screen.
I think the biggest issue I have with using GoPro Hero cameras with this is their super wide angle. I would like to try this with a set of Hero2’s so that I can shoot in “narrow” mode.
Here is a really interesting clip that shows Tim Macmillan’s early creations and how he did it with film. You can see some more of Macmillan and crew’s work at TimeSliceFilms.com
Macmillan with a LOT of GoPros
Here is another interesting method that a company called The Marmalade uses. It’s a Phantom HD camera attached to an industrial robotic arm. Because the frame rate is so high and the movement so fast the results are pretty amazing:
5/20/2014 Here’s an experiment with a GoPro on a custom slider I made to hurdle a GoPro Hero3+ as fast as I could along a straight track while shooting at 240fps
Indie music group Matt and Kim created a video with a GoPro and fishing wire. They reference the “Centriphone” camera technique.
Here’s a low budget version of the above example that uses a GoPro and a fan motor:
Ben Crasnow who runs the excellent YouTube science channel Applied Science has been experimenting with an inexpensive Kicsktarter-funded camera called the Chronos 1.4. He has built EXACTLY what I was trying to initially accomplish in my above 2014 video. He knows a lot about building these kinds of things. Check out this video of his high speed motorized slider:
Adam Magyar uses slit scan photography to produce stunning works like this. Read more about his technique on his site:
Inspired by the work of Adam Magyar above I decided to publish some videos I’ve been shooting on the NYC subways with my iPhone 6 at 240fps. It’s kind of nuts how far point and shoot camera technology has come. Here’s one of the clips:
I also tried one with a Sony A7sii camera shooting at 120fps:
I’m down at SXSW in Austin, Texas with Mashable. One of the brand activations featured at the Mashable House is for an upcoming film called “King Arthur: Legend of the Sword”. The setup is simple, and one that I have written about above. There is one GoPro connected to a rotating arm. The participant stands in the middle and is told to pull the sword out while the camera spins. The GoPro is shooting at 120fps and connected via WiFi to a computer that then has some custom software to add the overlays, music and let you share out instantly to social media. It was pretty cool to see this working in real time. Kudos to the team who put this together.
Here’s what I look like:
And here is a behind the scenes look of my colleague Ray:
A company party featuring a 360 video booth. I put together this edit from a few different sessions
10 Replies to “TimeSlice”
first of all, great job for the time slice test, and thank you for sharing some infos about the set up.
when I saw your test, i decided to try it myself.
I made a simple rig and used 6 GoPro, everything went well.
But I’m stuck in the post production.
I synced my 6 videos in after effect, but then, I definitly don’t figure out how to switch from one to another with a smooth transition.
Can you get more in details about your post production work.
that would be a great help for me (and many others think) since there is really a lack of infos of this technique.
Thank you in advance,
keep up the good work! great site !
Thanks! I’d love to see how you set yours up as well.
Post production is definitely the roadblock here. Since we don’t have the resources to build custom software to process these shots we have to do this manually. I was thinking of adding my post process to another post. I’m using Premiere Pro CS5 but the concept is the same in any application. After Effects might actually be too complex for this, but I could be wrong.
Aside from aligning cameras as evenly as possible you definitely want to slate(clapper) the shot before your action. You can also just clap with your hands. Having the audio and visual cue will help line the shots up. In a nutshell what I do is line up the clips on top of one another and use the ‘hold on frame’ option for the clips. Then I manually nudge each clip further in time so I am left with a staircase/pyramid-like pattern. This is pretty time consuming but pretty satisfying if the shot was done well.
In addition to the automated software the pros are using I believe they are also using software to interpolate frames as well to further smooth it out.
Where are you based? I started a GoPro meetup group here in NYC if you’re interested: http://www.meetup.com/go-pro/
thanks for your answer,
I see that I used the same process as you editing the videos, getting a staircase/pyramide
But i was happy with the sketchy transition between each cameras, I slowed down the shots but I get too much arctifacts with twixtor !!
Can’t figure out how I can get better results…
it would be really cool if we can see you post prod work.
for the GoPro meet up,
unfortunatly I live way too far from new york, I’m from Tahiti (french polynesia) a small island in the pacific.
it’s really cool to see people doing these types of event.
keep up your good work !
good luck for all,
and thanks again for the answer !
Great post I’m in CT would love to meet up and discuss this further, I’m looking at building a portable rig to use for music video production.
Hi Mike, Awesome! I’ll be in touch via email.
Hy we built bullet time with 12 12 gopro Black and our soft home made
Hey, looks great! I would love to experiment more with this technique myself but it’s quite expensive! This is why I want to make it work with only one camera at high seped!
Hey Nicolas, Any chance I can get that software you made?
Did he end up sharing the software? I emailed is company but no response yet…
we’ll never know